Ireland


Dublin

The view from Dublin castle. It's hard to get a good exterior shot of Dublin Castle due to the fact that it is really more of a collection of buildings from different periods pieced together. Moreover, a parking lot ruins the view of the Royal Chapel (1814) and Record Tower (1226). The Drawing Room in Dublin Castle, one of a series of luxurious rooms built in the 18th century for the British-appointed Viceroys of Ireland.
This is Christ Church Cathedral, as seen from across the street. Like many fine European buildings, it is impossible to take a decent picture of it because of nearby buildings and streets. The Hiberno-Norse rulers of Dublin built a cathedral here around 1030. The present cathedral dates from the 1180's. This is Four Courts, a public building on the Liffey built in 1796. It was gutted during the Irish civil war, but later restored in the 1930's.
The River Liffey with some interesting clouds. Self explanatory.
A view down the Liffey during the day. The second bridge is Ha'penny Bridge (the unofficial name derived from the old 1/2-penny toll) which goes to the Temple Bar area, the most touristic area of Dublin. A view down the Liffey at night.
The domed rotunda of the National Museum. It has a large collection of artifacts dating from the Stone Age to early modern times. In particular, there are an impressive number of Bronze Age gold artifacts here. More Liffey, more clouds.
St. Patrick's Cathedral. A church has stood here since the mid 5th century, when St. Patrick is said to have baptized converts beside a nearby well around 450. The Normans built a stone church here in 1191 which was later rebuilt in the 13th century. Walking toward St. Patrick's Cathedral. The west tower was rebuilt in 1370 after a fire and the spire was added in 1749.
The interior of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Notice the intricate tiling on the floor. Side notes: Handel's Messiah was first performed in Dublin in 1742 and Jonathan Swift was Dean of St. Patrick's from 1713-1745. A fountain in the park adjacent to St. Patrick's Cathedral.
A pond in St. Stephen's Green, a city park situated on one of the ancient commons of the old city. A street artist near Trinity College.
The main entrance to Trinity College, founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth I on the site of an Augustinian monastery. The old library is particularly impressive, although unfortunately pictures were not allowed! Past the doorway, we get a clearer view of the campanile (98 ft. tall), built in 1853 by Sir Charles Lanyon.

Glendalough

This is a small church, commonly known as St. Kevin's kitchen. It dates from the 11th century. A cottage near the lower lake at Glendalough.
An old, overgrown graveyard in Glendalough. The ruins of a 12th century cathedral.
A small stream which feeds into the upper lake. Through the graveyard we see a round tower. It is 110ft. high and is a classic example of the round towers built between the 10th and 12th centuries at monastic sites throughout Ireland.
The ruins of a small cathedral. More round tower and more stream. Round towers of this type were used by monks to store manuscripts and artifacts as well to serve as a lookout.

Howth

Howth is a small fishing town at the northern end of Dublin bay. There are lots of nice hiking trails around Howth Head, although the weather was not particularly clear on the day that I went. You can see Baily Lighthouse (1814) in the distance.

Powerscourt

This is the view from the top terrace at Powerscourt Gardens. You can see the Great Sugar Loaf Mountain in the background (I'm not sure where the name comes from) and the Italian garden. The terraces were designed by Daniel Robertson and constructed in the 1840's. They took 100 workers 12 years to complete! This is several levels lower than the previous picture. The grounds were commissioned by Richard Wingfield, the 1st Viscount Powerscourt. The pegasi appear on the coat of arms of the Wingfield family.
One of the pegasi statues near Triton Lake. The statues, made of zinc, were built by Hugo Hagen in Berlin in 1869. Notice the intricate stonework on the stairs. The granite is from Wicklow and the pebbles were brought in from the coastal town of Bray. The urns are copied from Versailles.
The Walled Gardens at Powerscourt. Fortunately I took my allergy medicine earlier that morning. Triton Lake at Powerscourt. The fountain is modeled after a 17th century fountain in the Piazza Barberini (by Bernini) in Rome. Not pictured in this series (it began to rain heavily) is a gate from the Cathedral at Bamberg in Bavaria, dating from the 1770's.
No Irish garden would be complete without a Japanese subgarden! The Japanese garden was built on reclaimed land by the 8th Viscount Powerscourt in 1908. Not water that one would want to swim in, is it?
This tower was built in 1911 and called Pepperpot Tower because Lord Powerscourt wanted a tower that looked like his diningroom pepperpot! This is a view of the house itself. The original house was destroyed by fire in 1974. Naturally it was rebuilt as a shopping center.