Bodrum (Halicarnassus)

Turkey

Bodrum (the modern name for the ancient Dorian city of Halicarnassus) was the birthplace of Herodotus and the location of famed Mausoleum (one of the Seven Wonders of the World) of the Carian ruler Mausolus. The city is now known primarily for its beaches, nightclubs, and the 15th century Castle of St. Peter, built by the Knights of St. John in 1406.
(High-Res) The formidable Castle of St. Peter, built in 1406 by the Knights of St. John, sits in the harbor. (High-Res) Another view of the Castle of St. Peter and the modern city of Bodrum.
(High-Res) These coats of arms and accompanying inscription are near the modern entrance to the Castle of St. Peter. (High-Res) The three story "English Tower" was built between 1399 and 1413. The statue of the lion dates from antiquity and quite possibly came from the ruins of the great Mausoleum. Above the lion is the coat of arms of King Henry IV of England.

If you look carefully under the statue of the lion, you can see that a small bird has made its home there.

(High-Res) The castle chapel was built in a typical Western style. The Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I ("the Magnificent") conquered the area in 1523 and had the chapel converted into a mosque. In particular, the minaret in the foreground was added. (High-Res) A view along the walls of the Castle of St. Peter. A close look toward the left of the picture reveals a small dome with dome-shaped windows. This is the roof of the Turkish baths which were installed during the Ottoman period.
(High-Res) Since Bodrum (Halicarnassus) has been continuously inhabited since antiquity, there are many layers of civilization buried on top of one another. This floor mosaic unearthed at the Castle of St. Peter dates from the early Byzantine period. (High-Res) By the 15th century, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was in ruins, having been stricken by several massive earthquakes and centuries of scavenging and treasure-hunting. The Knights of St. John completed the destruction by using the remains to build the Castle of St. Peter. Much of the remaining stones and sculpture were ground up to make lime and plaster. Occasionally, one can spot a piece of ancient sculpture (like this face) incorporated in the walls of the castle itself.
(High-Res) The ancient theater sits atop a hill overlooking the harbor. In ancient times it was most likely used for gladiatorial fights. Currently it hosts various musical events. (High-Res) These are some of the artifacts which were found in the Uluburun Shipwreck (14th century BCE). The 15 meter long vessel contained 20 tons of cargo, ranging from copper ingots to Near Eastern spices. Excavation of the site (1984 - 1994) required 22,000 dives.
(High-Res) Most visitors come to Bodrum for the beaches (and nightclubs). (High-Res) Some of the Greek Islands are visible from the Turkish mainland.